14. 11. 2006 Lexical databases

 

14. 11. 2006 Lexical Databases



Surface structure (appearance, rendering) of dictionaries

  • semasiological dictionary (reader's dictionary, decoding dictionary)

  • onomasiological dictionary (writer's dictionary, encoding dictionary)



An overview of surface structures



The deep structure of dictionaries

semasiological dictionary

  • basic form : table

  • rows: lexical entries with specific microstructure

  • columns: single types of lexical information

  • if orthography or phonology ambiguous

  • either item is repeated with the new information

  • or sub table

  • depends on kind of ambiguity

  • homonymy (homography, homophony)

  • polysemy

  • homonym

  • a word that has the same pronunciation and spelling as another word, but a different meaning.

    Example: The word stalk, meaning either part of a plant or to follow (someone) around.

  • Homograph

  • a word that has the same spelling as another word, but a different meaning. Example: The spelling to cleave may denote to adhere to or to divide or split.

  • Homophone

  • a word that has the same pronunciation as another word, but whose meaning and/or spelling are different, . Example: All of to, too, and two, or there, their, and they’re ( http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Homonym )

  • polyseme

  • a word or phrase with multiple, related meanings. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Polysemy



Dictionary Information

  • Metadata: catalogue information about the production of thedictionary, intended for dictionary identification

  • Types of lexical information in dictionary entries:

  • FORM (cf. appearance), e.g. spelling, pronunciation

  • STRUCTURE (cf. formulation), e.g. construction ofwords, place of words in larger constructions (e.g. sentences)

  • CONTENT (cf. Meaning): definition, relations with other words, examples



The task

Exercise: To understand what a database basically is,

create a table with one of the following:

  • a list of your CDs (well, some of them), with name, artist, ...

  • a list of your friends, with names, addresses, etc.


Name

Prename

Birthday

Bechtloff

Corinna

20. 01. 1986

Bryczek

Natalia

04. 03. 1987

Höppner

Marie Luise

12. 09. 1986

Kerker

Kristina

14. 06. 1986

Schneider

Sarah

21. 06. 1987



Basic model of a table

  • table: a list of rows

  • row: a list of fields

  • column: a list of fields in the same row position



How to ...

... create tables in Open Office/ Microsoft Words

  • table“ -> insert -> table -> choose number of rows/ columns -> ceate table


How to ...

... create tables in Ms Excel/ Open Office Calc

  • start program


The html table model


< html >

< head >

<title> Example of the HTML table model < /title>

< /head>

< body>

< table border = 20 >

< tr >

< td > love < / td>

< td> noun < / td>

< td> a feeling of strong affection < / td>

< /tr>

< /table>

< /body>

21.11.06 20:51

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